It is important to identify potential hazards in every workplace before they cause any damage. Most probably, you have heard of the term Job Safety Analysis but many not know what it really means. Job safety analysis is the process of analyzing a particular job and where It is situated to identify a number of potential hazards involved and how to keep the under control. By completing this process, it means that you have planned the job and the employees can now work safely.
For JSA to be effective enough, it should covered every part of the job. If a particular project has various tasks being done at the same time, there will be a need for many JSAS. Job safety analysis should be handle by a person who understands better the potential risks involved in a workplace. In most cases, it’s the supervisor who carries out this task.
Once you have had a clear understanding of the nature of the work, you can now divide them into manageable steps. As you break down the steps, you need to ensure that they are specific to the project and the working site. Thus if there are any alterations in the job area, the step will also change. Avoid making too detailed steps as they may make the JSA difficult to follow. However if they are not detailed enough, some of the risks may be missed out.
The next this is start identify the dangers involved in every step. This step one of the most difficult in job hazard analysis. Here, the main objective is to determine everything that may be dangerous in terms of safety and health. Identify how things like the machines, environment and the chemicals used can become a hazard. There are certain factors that may help you identify the threats and such include other projects going on around the job site, what caused some of the past injuries and also regulatory requirements.
The third stage is to determine possible controls for the hazards. Determining controls means explaining how to eliminate the dangers or how to reduce the risks. Once the three stages are over, the job hazard analysis should be well developed hence the right time to share it with the workers. The effectiveness of the job safety analysis will be highly determined by how well the workers understands it.
Before the work commence, it is of essence to go through the JSA to make sure that every employee knows what they are supposed to do in each area. In case the nature of the work changes in any way, the JSA should be reviewed to include the new risks involved and even shared with the workers.